Syria has changed - by Thierry Meyssan

The media coverage of the war in Syria covers only the military, diplomatic and humanitarian action. It ignores the profound transformation. However, it does not survive the sea of violence without changing profoundly. Damascus, where he lived for two years, Thierry Meyssan describes this evolution.

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Damascus, the oldest inhabited city in the world

While in Damascus, the Special Envoy of the Secretaries General of the Arab League and the UN, Lakhdar Brahimi, presented "his" draft peace conference, Geneva 2. A conference whose objective would be to end the " civil war . " This terminology shows the analysis of one side against another, those who argue that this conflict is a logical continuation of the " Arab Spring "against those who argue that it has been manufactured, supplied and manipulated from the outside.
The war in the armed opposition

For Westerners, and the majority of the National Coalition, Syria saw a revolution. His people rose up against a dictatorship and aspires to live in a democracy like the United States. However, this view is contradicted by the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Syrian National Council and the Free Syrian Army. For them, the problem is not one of freedom, but the personality of Bashar al-Assad. They would just keep the same institutions if the President agreed to give way to one of its vice-presidents. However, this version is in turn contradicted by the fighters on the ground, for which the problem is not the personality of the president, but he embodies tolerance. Their goal is to establish a system of the type where the Wahhabi religious minorities would be submitted or destroyed, and that the Constitution would be replaced by Sharia.
Freedom of expression

At first, when snipers killed people, they said that it was the regime gunmen who tried to impose fear. When cars exploded, they said it was an attack by the secret service under false flag.When a massive attack killed members of the Security Council, was accused Assad of having eliminated its rivals. Today, nobody has doubt these crimes were the work of jihadists and they continue to commit.

In the beginning, there was the emergency law. Since 1963, demonstrations were banned. Foreign journalists could not enter that dropper and their activities were closely monitored. Today, the emergency law was lifted. There is still a few events because of fears of terrorist attacks. Many foreign journalists in Damascus.They move freely without supervision. Yet most continue to tell the country is a horrible dictatorship. We let them hoping they will tire of lying when their governments cease to preach the " overthrow of the regime . "

Initially, the Syrians did not look the national television channels. They considered propaganda and their preferred Al-Jazeera . They live and followed the exploits of the " revolutionary " and crimes of " dictatorship . " But with time, they were confronted directly with events. They saw themselves atrocities peudos-revolutionaries and they often owe their salvation to the national army. Today, people look much more national television, which are more numerous, and especially a Lebanese-Iraqi channel, Al-Mayadeen , who recovered the audience 'of Al-Jazeera in the Arab world and developing a nationalist point of view open.
Freedom of conscience

At first, the armed opposition said multi-denominational. People from religious minorities supported it. Then there was the Islamic Courts sentenced to death and killed the " bad "Sunni" traitors "to their community, the Alawites and Shiites, tortured in public, and Christians expelled from their homes. Today everyone to understand that there is always a heretic when it is judged by the " pure "of Takfirist .

While scholars argue that Syria was destroyed and needs to be redefined, people know what it is and are often willing to die for it. It was ten years ago, every family had a teenager she was trying to avoid military service. Only the poor are considering a career in the armed forces. Today, many young people engage in the army and their elders in the popular militias. All defend eternal Syria which combines various religious communities, they all worship the same God when they have one.

During the conflict, many Syrians themselves have evolved. At first they mostly watched events standing on the sidelines, most saying not recognize in any camp. After two and a half years of terrible suffering, everyone who remained in the country had to choose to survive. War is not an attempt by the colonial powers to blow on the embers of darkness to burn civilization.
Political freedom

For me, who knows Syria since a decade and lives in Damascus for two years, I realize how much the country has changed. There ten years, each told in a low voice the problems he had encountered with mukhabarats , mingling of everything and anything. In this country, the Golan has been occupied by Israel, the Secret Service had indeed acquired an extravagant power. Yet they saw and knew nothing about the preparation for war, the tunnels were dug and weapons that were imported nothing.Today, a large number of corrupt officials fled abroad, themukhabarats have refocused on their mission of homeland defense and only the jihadists have to complain.

It was ten years ago, the Ba'ath Party was constitutionally leader of the nation. He was only allowed to field candidates in elections, but it was no longer a mass party. Institutions are gradually moving away from the citizens. Today, it's hard to follow the birth of political parties as they are numerous. Anyone can run for office and win. Only the "democratic" opposition from Paris and Istanbul, decided to boycott rather than lose.

It was ten years ago, we did not talk politics in cafes, at home only with people you know. Today, everyone is talking about politics everywhere, in government-controlled and never in areas controlled by armed opposition areas.

Where is the dictatorship? Where is the democracy?
Class of reactions

The war is also a class conflict. The rich, who have assets abroad, left when Damascus was attacked. They loved their country, but also protecting their lives and property.
Bourgeois were terrified. They paid taxes "revolutionary" when insurgents demanded, and asserted state support when the army questioned. Worried they were waiting for the departure of President Assad that Al-Jazeera announced as imminent. They are out of their anxiety when the United States abandoned bomb the country. Today, they think only redeem himself by supporting associations of families of martyrs.
Little people knew him from the beginning, it was. There were those who saw the war as a means of revenge against their economic conditions, and those who wanted to defend the freedom of conscience and free public services.

The United States and Israel, France and the United Kingdom, Turkey, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, who delivered the secret war and who lost, did not anticipate this result to survive, the Syria has released its energy and regained his freedom.

If the Geneva conference two stands, the great powers will decide nothing there. The next government will not be the result of a diplomatic arrangement. The only power of the conference is to provide a solution which can be applied after it has been ratified by a popular referendum.

This war has bled Syria, half of cities and infrastructure were destroyed to satisfy the appetites and fantasies of the Western powers and the Gulf. If something positive would emerge from Geneva 2, it would finance the reconstruction by those who have made the country suffer.






العودة الى الصفحة الرئيسية - 09-11-2013آخر تحديث