Syria has changed - by Thierry Meyssan
The media coverage of the war in Syria covers only the
military, diplomatic and humanitarian action. It ignores the
profound transformation. However, it does not survive the
sea of violence without changing profoundly. Damascus, where
he lived for two years, Thierry Meyssan describes this
VOLTAIRE NETWORK | DAMASCUS (SYRIA) | NOVEMBER 4, 2013
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Damascus, the oldest inhabited city in the world
While in Damascus, the Special Envoy of the Secretaries
General of the Arab League and the UN, Lakhdar Brahimi,
presented "his" draft peace conference, Geneva 2. A
conference whose objective would be to end the " civil war .
" This terminology shows the analysis of one side against
another, those who argue that this conflict is a logical
continuation of the " Arab Spring "against those who argue
that it has been manufactured, supplied and manipulated from
The war in the armed opposition
For Westerners, and the majority of the National Coalition,
Syria saw a revolution. His people rose up against a
dictatorship and aspires to live in a democracy like the
United States. However, this view is contradicted by the
Gulf Cooperation Council, the Syrian National Council and
the Free Syrian Army. For them, the problem is not one of
freedom, but the personality of Bashar al-Assad. They would
just keep the same institutions if the President agreed to
give way to one of its vice-presidents. However, this
version is in turn contradicted by the fighters on the
ground, for which the problem is not the personality of the
president, but he embodies tolerance. Their goal is to
establish a system of the type where the Wahhabi religious
minorities would be submitted or destroyed, and that the
Constitution would be replaced by Sharia.
Freedom of expression
At first, when snipers killed people, they said that it was
the regime gunmen who tried to impose fear. When cars
exploded, they said it was an attack by the secret service
under false flag.When a massive attack killed members of the
Security Council, was accused Assad of having eliminated its
rivals. Today, nobody has doubt these crimes were the work
of jihadists and they continue to commit.
In the beginning, there was the emergency law. Since 1963,
demonstrations were banned. Foreign journalists could not
enter that dropper and their activities were closely
monitored. Today, the emergency law was lifted. There is
still a few events because of fears of terrorist attacks.
Many foreign journalists in Damascus.They move freely
without supervision. Yet most continue to tell the country
is a horrible dictatorship. We let them hoping they will
tire of lying when their governments cease to preach the "
overthrow of the regime . "
Initially, the Syrians did not look the national television
channels. They considered propaganda and their preferred
Al-Jazeera . They live and followed the exploits of the "
revolutionary " and crimes of " dictatorship . " But with
time, they were confronted directly with events. They saw
themselves atrocities peudos-revolutionaries and they often
owe their salvation to the national army. Today, people look
much more national television, which are more numerous, and
especially a Lebanese-Iraqi channel, Al-Mayadeen , who
recovered the audience 'of Al-Jazeera in the Arab world and
developing a nationalist point of view open.
Freedom of conscience
At first, the armed opposition said multi-denominational.
People from religious minorities supported it. Then there
was the Islamic Courts sentenced to death and killed the "
bad "Sunni" traitors "to their community, the Alawites and
Shiites, tortured in public, and Christians expelled from
their homes. Today everyone to understand that there is
always a heretic when it is judged by the " pure "of
While scholars argue that Syria was destroyed and needs to
be redefined, people know what it is and are often willing
to die for it. It was ten years ago, every family had a
teenager she was trying to avoid military service. Only the
poor are considering a career in the armed forces. Today,
many young people engage in the army and their elders in the
popular militias. All defend eternal Syria which combines
various religious communities, they all worship the same God
when they have one.
During the conflict, many Syrians themselves have evolved.
At first they mostly watched events standing on the
sidelines, most saying not recognize in any camp. After two
and a half years of terrible suffering, everyone who
remained in the country had to choose to survive. War is not
an attempt by the colonial powers to blow on the embers of
darkness to burn civilization.
For me, who knows Syria since a decade and lives in Damascus
for two years, I realize how much the country has changed.
There ten years, each told in a low voice the problems he
had encountered with mukhabarats , mingling of everything
and anything. In this country, the Golan has been occupied
by Israel, the Secret Service had indeed acquired an
extravagant power. Yet they saw and knew nothing about the
preparation for war, the tunnels were dug and weapons that
were imported nothing.Today, a large number of corrupt
officials fled abroad, themukhabarats have refocused on
their mission of homeland defense and only the jihadists
have to complain.
It was ten years ago, the Ba'ath Party was constitutionally
leader of the nation. He was only allowed to field
candidates in elections, but it was no longer a mass party.
Institutions are gradually moving away from the citizens.
Today, it's hard to follow the birth of political parties as
they are numerous. Anyone can run for office and win. Only
the "democratic" opposition from Paris and Istanbul, decided
to boycott rather than lose.
It was ten years ago, we did not talk politics in cafes, at
home only with people you know. Today, everyone is talking
about politics everywhere, in government-controlled and
never in areas controlled by armed opposition areas.
Where is the dictatorship? Where is the democracy?
Class of reactions
The war is also a class conflict. The rich, who have assets
abroad, left when Damascus was attacked. They loved their
country, but also protecting their lives and property.
Bourgeois were terrified. They paid taxes "revolutionary"
when insurgents demanded, and asserted state support when
the army questioned. Worried they were waiting for the
departure of President Assad that Al-Jazeera announced as
imminent. They are out of their anxiety when the United
States abandoned bomb the country. Today, they think only
redeem himself by supporting associations of families of
Little people knew him from the beginning, it was. There
were those who saw the war as a means of revenge against
their economic conditions, and those who wanted to defend
the freedom of conscience and free public services.
The United States and Israel, France and the United Kingdom,
Turkey, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, who delivered the secret war
and who lost, did not anticipate this result to survive, the
Syria has released its energy and regained his freedom.
If the Geneva conference two stands, the great powers will
decide nothing there. The next government will not be the
result of a diplomatic arrangement. The only power of the
conference is to provide a solution which can be applied
after it has been ratified by a popular referendum.
This war has bled Syria, half of cities and infrastructure
were destroyed to satisfy the appetites and fantasies of the
Western powers and the Gulf. If something positive would
emerge from Geneva 2, it would finance the reconstruction by
those who have made the country suffer.
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